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Chemotherapy is the application of chemicals to cancer cells in order to destroy or limit their growth. The medications are known as cytotoxic, which implies they are harmful to cells (cyto). Some of these pharmaceuticals are created entirely in a laboratory, while others are derived from natural sources such as plants. Depending on the type and stage of cancer being treated, chemotherapy can be delivered via mouth, injection, infusion, or skin application. It can be used alone or in combination with other treatments such surgery, radiation, or biologic therapy. Chemotherapy administration is always based on the therapeutic goals as well as the potential hazards and benefits to the patient. With these objectives in mind, the choice of a chemotherapy plan is made.

How It Works ?

  • All cells in the body divide or split into two cells to expand. Chemotherapy causes harm to quickly dividing cells. Most chemotherapy medications enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body, aiming to kill cancer cells that are actively dividing in organs and tissues. This is referred to as systemic therapy. Chemotherapy is sometimes given straight to the cancer. Local chemotherapy is the term for this type of treatment.

A single chemotherapy agent or a mix of treatments may be used to treat you. Chemotherapy medications come in a variety of forms, each of which eliminates or shrinks cancer cells in a unique way.

The chemotherapy medications you receive are determined by the sort of cancer you have. Because different medications function on different forms of cancer, this is the case. Chemotherapy is sometimes the only option, but you may also need surgery, radiotherapy, or other pharmacological regimens.

The treatment course:

  • Chemotherapy treatment frequency and duration are determined by the type of cancer, the rationale for treatment, and the medications utilised. Chemotherapy is frequently administered as a series of treatments followed by a time of rest. This is referred to as a cycle. The length of a cycle is determined by the chemotherapy medications used. The time between cycles allows your normal cells to heal and your body to re-energize. Your next cycle may be postponed if your body requires extra time to recuperate. Discuss any concerns you may have regarding treatment adjustments or delays with your medical oncologist or haematologist. You'll probably have a few treatment cycles, which could be daily, weekly, or monthly. Chemotherapy is usually given for 6–12 months, however it can be given for a shorter or longer time. Chemotherapy for maintenance (to prevent the cancer coming back)

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