The surgical process involving the creation of an opening in the neck in order to place a tube into a patient’s windpipe is known as Tracheostomy. The tube is inserted through a cut in the neck below the vocal cord, allowing air to enter the lungs.
In certain cases, a tracheostomy is permanent.
There are Several reasons to conduct a tracheostomy, however all involve restricted airways. It may be done during an emergency when your airway is blocked, or when a disease or other problems makes normal breathing impossible.